William Throndsen attained his PhD in 2016 on the social aspects of the smart grid, which he studied through working with network companies and users of smart grid technologies doing participatory observation, interviews, and desktop research - all through the lens of Science and Technology Studies. William is currently working a post. doc. funded by the Centre for Sustainable Energy Studies, at the dpt. of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, NTNU. Through the ERA-Net funded MATCH-project he is still committed to researching the smart grid and, more specifically, the households and energy use within it.